Next.js on Launch

Next.js is an open-source React-based framework that provides a hybrid static/server-side rendered model. Launch supports Next.js and its two different routing mechanisms, App Router and Pages Router.

App Router

Launch supports the following features of Next.js out-of-the-box for App Router:

Note: Launch supports the Next.js App Router version 13.4.6 and above. Please ensure that you have the required version installed.


Launch does not yet support the following features of Next.js:

Launch offers alternative approaches to caching and revalidation built on established web standards. Learn more here.

Data Cache depends on a significant change in the underlying hosting platform. In addition, we have observed that Data Cache is inadequate for several enterprise use cases that require customizing the underlying cache strategy using custom cache headers. Launch offers alternate caching strategies based on accepted web standards that also allow you to maintain platform independence.

Next.js App Router Cache Revalidation on Launch

Static Rendering

Routes can be rendered at build time and cached on the CDN. This is useful when a route fetches data that is not personalized to the user and can be known at build time, such as a Blog Post or a Product Page.

With App Router, static rendering is automatically achieved by defining a page with cached fetch handlers, or by configuring the Route Segment Config appropriately.

For such routes, if the source data changes, triggering a new deployment would be required to rebuild and cache the route with the updated data.

If the data for a route is expected to change frequently, Launch also allows enabling time-based and on-demand cache revalidation.

Enabling Cache Revalidation on Launch

For routes with frequently changing source data, triggering a full deployment every time data updates may not be the optimal approach due to potentially lengthy build times, especially for websites with a large number of pages. Launch addresses this challenge by offering different strategies for cache revalidation for such routes.

This requires opting out of Full Route Cache by using the dynamic = 'force-dynamic' or revalidate = 0 route segment config options in the Page, Layout or Route Handler file.


// layout.js | page.js | route.js
export const dynamic = 'force-dynamic';
// OR
export const revalidate = 0
export default function MyComponent() {}

Opting out of Full Route cache and setting Cache-Control headers using next.config.js file allows Launch to cache the pages as necessary on the CDN.

Time-based Revalidation

Time-based Revalidation can be achieved for a route by setting the Cache-Control response header for the route in the next.config.js file. The Cache-Control headers determine how long and where your page can be cached.


// next.config.js
const nextConfig = {
  async headers() {
    return [
        source: "/blogs/:id",
        headers: [
              key: "cache-control",
              value: "max-age=0, s-maxage=86400, stale-while-revalidate",
		// The browser should validate the response with CDN, but the CDN can serve cached responses for 86400 seconds(24 hours), after which stale response will be returned while also triggering a revalidation in the background.
module.exports = nextConfig;
On Demand Revalidation

Similar to time-based revalidation, first, set up the appropriate cache headers on the route to cache it on the CDN.

Next, set the buildId of the Next.js app to the value of the latest live Launch deployment uid. This can be done by adding the following code snippet to your next.config.js. This step allows Launch to detect the correct version of the Next.js build to be revalidated.


// next.config.js
const nextConfig = {
  generateBuildId: () => {    
module.exports = nextConfig;

Finally, the desired routes can then be revalidated on demand by following the steps detailed in Launch's Revalidate CDN Cache feature.

Pages Router

Launch supports the following features of Next.js out-of-the-box for Pages Router:

Note: Use the Next.js package version 12.2 or above to deploy a Pages Router based Next.js site on Launch.


Launch does not yet support the following features of Next.js:

Next.js On-Demand Revalidation

On-Demand Revalidation for Next.js can be achieved in Contentstack Launch by using SSR with cache headers. SSR with cache headers allow you to serve dynamic content that changes frequently while still benefiting from caching at the browser or CDN level. You can use different cache-control directives to specify how long and where the content can be cached and how it can be revalidated.

Revalidating cache in the idiomatic Next.js way depends on major architectural implementation details on the hosting platform. Depending on such architecture dependent framework features may add a lock-in risk with the platform. Our approach gives you the ability to leverage similar caching benefits, while maintaining platform independence of your digital property.

Steps for Execution

  1. To update your code for the SSG page from using getStaticProps to getServerSideProps (SSR) using cache headers, follow the steps below:
    1. Replace getStaticProps with getServerSideProps

      Replace the `getStaticProps` function with the `getServerSideProps` function in your page component. The `getStaticProps` function is used for SSG pages, while the `getServerSideProps` function is used for SSR pages..

    2. Set cache-control headers in the res object

      Set the appropriate cache-control headers in your response object inside the `getServerSideProps` function. You can use the `res.setHeader` method to do this. The cache-control headers determine how long and where your page can be cached by browsers, intermediate proxies, and CDN.

    Example for using SSR with cache headers:

        // index.js
    import React from 'react';
    export async function getServerSideProps(context) {
      // Fetch data from an API
      const response = await fetch('https://example.com/api/data');
      const data = await response.json();
      // Set cache-control header to "max-age=0, s-maxage=86400"
      // This means that the browser and any other user agents would not use the cache but would be forced to revalidate 
      // but the response can be cached for a duration of 24 hours at the CDN without validating it with the server
      context.res.setHeader('cache-control', 'max-age=0, s-maxage=86400'
      // Return the data as props
      return { props: { data } };
    // The page component receives the data as props
    function IndexPage({ data }) {
      return (
          <h1>Index Page</h1>
          <p>This is an SSR page that uses cache headers.</p>
            {data.map((item) =&gt; (
              <li key="{item.id}">{item.name}</li>
    export default IndexPage;
  2. Set buildId to the latest live Launch deployment:

    In order to revalidate the CDN cache of `_next/data` for a deployment, Launch requires the Next.js application to set the generation of buildId to the value of the latest live Launch deployment. This can be done by adding the following code snippet to your `next.config.js`.

      // next.config.js
    module.exports = {
      generateBuildId: () => {    
        return  process.env.CONTENTSTACK_LAUNCH_DEPLOYMENT_UID

Additional Resource: Please refer to the Quick Start Guide with Next.js documentation for a step-by-step walkthrough to deploy a Next.js site on Launch.


This section provides solutions for some common issues faced with hosting Next.js

Cache revalidation does not work with Next.js internationalization enabled

Using i18n for Next.js changes the URL structure of your website to support multiple languages. For e.g. a path like /about-us may be nested under the localized path /fr-FR/about-us. In such cases, it is important to revalidate the URL along with the locale, i.e. /fr-FR/about-us.

You may also have a default locale configured for URLs without locales. For e.g. visiting /about-us may return content localized by default in en-US. In this case, it is important to revalidate cache for both /about-us and /en-US/about-us. This is because an internationalization enabled Next.js website internally makes calls to the localized URL (/en-US/about-us) even when the locale does not appear in the URL.

Cache revalidation does not work with static ISR routes

ISR (Incremental Static Regeneration) is a rendering mode in Next.js that allows you to generate static pages once and revalidate it (on-demand or time based).

Static routes are pages that use getStaticProps and do not have dynamic path segments.

Launch does not support revalidating cache on ISR routes. Please use the alternative SSR with cache headers approach instead.

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