Amazon S3

Amazon S3 custom field extension allows you to fetch your data (documents, images, videos, etc) from your S3 bucket, and display them into a field of a content type in your stack.

Thus, while creating entries, you can select any of the data (as mentioned above) as the input value for the field.

This step-by-step guide explains how to create an Amazon S3 custom field extension for your content types in Contentstack. The steps performed are as follows:

  1. Create an Amazon S3 Service account
  2. Add the Amazon S3 custom field extension to your stack
  3. Use your custom field

Prerequisites

  1. Create an Amazon S3 Service Account

    In order to use this extension, you need to create an account with Amazon Web Service. To do that, follow the steps given below:

    1. Go to https://aws.amazon.com/s3/ and click on Get Started with Amazon S3.
    2. On the next screen, you'll be asked to log in. If you already have an account, just log in with your credentials. Else, click on Create a new AWS account
    3. Then, follow the on-screen instructions and get your account created. AWS will notify you by email when your account gets activated and available for you to use.
    4. Once your account is created, log into it. Select S3 from the Services drop-down. You'll see your dashboard as shown below:

      S3 Dashboard.png

    5. To start using S3, you need to create a bucket for your account which will hold your objects. So click on Create bucket to add your objects in it.
    6. Click on the bucket and add your objects. You need to make the objects public. So within the Overview tab, select the object(s), then click on the Actions drop-down, and select Make public
    7. Now click on the Permissions tab and then click on CORS configuration. Paste the following inside it:
      <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
      <CORSConfiguration xmlns="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/">
      <CORSRule>
          <AllowedOrigin>*</AllowedOrigin>
          <AllowedMethod>HEAD</AllowedMethod>
          <AllowedMethod>GET</AllowedMethod>
          <ExposeHeader>ETag</ExposeHeader>
          <ExposeHeader>x-amz-meta-custom-header</ExposeHeader>
          <AllowedHeader>*</AllowedHeader>
      </CORSRule>
      </CORSConfiguration>
      
    8. Within the Permissions tab, click on Block public access. Ensure that all options inside this tab are unchecked so that your objects remain public. Click on Edit and ensure that it is unchecked as shown below:

      Public access block.png

    9. Now, click on the arrow next to your username at the top and select My Security Credentials as shown below:

      Security credentials.png

    10. Then, click on Access keys (access key ID and secret access key)
    11. Click on Create New Access Key and then on Show Access Key to view your keys. Ensure that you save the keys. You'll need these keys while setting up your extension in Contentstack. You can also download the keys by clicking on the Download Key File button.

    Additional Resource: For more information about the features of Amazon S3, its pricing, and FAQs, visit the Amazon S3 product page.

  2. Add the Amazon S3 Custom Field Extension to your Stack

    1. Go to your stack, navigate to the “Settings” gear icon, and select Extensions.
    2. On the Extensions page, click on the + Add Extension button, and select Create new. If you have not added any extensions in the stack yet, click on the create a new one link as shown below.create-new-button.png
    3. In the Select Extension Type window, select Custom Field.select-custom-field.png

    4. On the Create New Extension page, enter details in the fields as given below:
      1. Title: Provide a suitable title. For example, “AmazonS3.”
      2. Field data type: Select the data type in which the input data of the field should be saved in Contentstack. Select JSON in this case.
      3. Multiple: Keep this option unchecked.
      4. Hosting method: Set the hosting method to Hosted By Contentstack.
      5. Extension Source Code: In this field, you need to enter the extension code. To get the code, contact our Support team. Once you have downloaded the code, copy the code from the index.html file located in the root folder and paste it in the Extension source code field.

        Note: In the downloaded code, inside the root folder, there's a aws-browser HTML file. Upload this file as an asset in Contentstack by following the steps mentioned in the Create/Upload asset article. After uploading the file, you'll get a URL in the asset details section, make note of this URL.

      6. Config Parameter: Enter the following configuration details as the extension's config parameter:
        {
          "accessKeyId": "<<aws-s3-accessKeyId>>",
          "secretAccessKey": "<<aws-s3-secretAccessKey>>",
          "bucketList": [
            "<<aws-s3-bucket-1>>",
            "<<aws-s3-bucket-2>>"
            ],
          "widgetUrl": "<<widgetUrl>>"
        }
        The values for accessKeyId and secretAccessKey are the same that you generated or downloaded previously. Inside the bucketList array, provide the name of the bucket or buckets (if you have multiple buckets). 

        The value for widgetUrl is the URL of the aws-browser HTML file that you just uploaded as an asset.

    5. Click on Save. This creates your custom field.

    Now, let’s understand how you can start using this custom field in your content type.

  3. Use Your Custom Field

    Once you have added a custom field, you can use it in your content type like any other field. To add a custom field in your content type, perform the following steps:

    1. Create a content type and add the Custom field to it.
    2. Under Select Extension, select the “AmazonS3” field that you created and set the other properties. You can add other fields as per requirements. amazon-s3.png

    3. Finally, click on either Save or Save and Close to save your changes.
    4. Next, create an entry for this content type, and you will see the Amazon S3 field on your entry page as shown below:

      S3_Filed.png

    5. Click on Choose from S3 Bucket. If you are still logged into Amazon S3, it will open inside your entry page, from where you can select multiple documents, images, videos, etc, and insert them in your entry as shown in the following screenshot:

      S3 Choose Asset.png

Note: The number of items that can be selected depends on the size of the JSON that is to be stored, and currently, only 10 KB of data can be stored. This is due to limitation of the JSON data stored via Custom Field. Refer to our Custom Field Limitation doc for more detail.

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