CMS? API? Frontend? Backend? Headless? Content may still be king, but the tools and the language we use to work with it sure aren’t the same as they used to be. If you’re having a hard time deciphering the geek speak while making sure your business stays on the cutting edge of content marketing technology, this guide was created just for you.
What is a Headless CMS, and Why Is It Important?
A headless content management system (CMS) is the modern answer to the traditional, monolithic CMSs that ruled content management in the 1990s. With a monolithic CMS, the content database layer (the backend or “body”) and the content presentation layer (the frontend or “head”) are coupled together. This monolithic approach means that the content is permanently defined by how it’s designed. So it is difficult to use again on another platform or for another audience. While this infrastructure made sense when only publishing static websites, it’s outdated for today’s business needs.
Headless CMS, on the other hand, is today’s most modern content management technology. It’s called “headless” because it decouples, or separates, the backend (the “body”) where content is created and stored from the content presentation layer (the “head”), where content is formatted for delivery.
With a headless CMS, the marketing and content team can create and store content collateral using flexible, reusable modules in a back-end repository. At the same time, front-end designers and developers can work on creating the best display for that content, whether it’s going to be delivered to a website, a mobile application, a chatbot, or any other Internet of Things device. An application programming interface (API) connects the frontend and the backend so content can be formatted and delivered in the way best suited for the channel, device, and audience.
Already, over half of the people on earth are connected to the internet. And by 2030, the average consumer may own as many as 15 internet-connected devices. There’s a proliferation of devices, platforms, and people who are using them to connect with businesses around the clock. A headless CMS is the best chance brands have to keep up in this brave new world.
Do You Need a Headless CMS?
You might be surprised to hear us say that every organization doesn’t necessarily need a headless CMS. However, it may be for you if you’re in any of these situations:
How to Choose the Right Headless CMS
This choice is another “it depends” situation. Only you know your situation and needs well enough to choose the right CMS for your business. But the following questions may help you select a good fit:
Of course, to answer that last question, it would help to understand the most critical headless CMS features.
Features to Consider When Shopping for a Headless CMS
In a technological environment that’s teeming with features ranging from the critical to the ridiculous, these are the handful we think most businesses should look for when buying a headless CMS.
Content Delivery APIs
One of the most defining features of a headless CMS is its APIs. A headless CMS is sometimes referred to as an API-first CMS. API-first means that your application was built from the ground up with APIs and revolves around delivering content to omnichannel devices and client applications. APIs also make it possible to link different microservices and applications to each other. An API enables content to be pulled from repositories and distributed to websites, emails, apps, mobile devices, social media channels, chatbots, interactive displays, AR and VR experiences, and every other omnichannel development coming in the next few decades.
Don’t stop at just figuring out whether there is a content API or not. Dig deeper to make sure it’s high-quality, and that there is suitable documentation and support so that it’s easy for developers to use.
A modern headless CMS should have extensions that enable integration with third-party business applications like PIM, CRM, email marketing programs, localization and translation tools, and so on. These extended capabilities help you customize your content and marketing program to align with the most cutting-edge trends of the day — like personalization.
Even if your business isn’t the size of an enterprise, that doesn’t mean it isn’t worth seeking out enterprise-compatible features like cloud hosting, around-the-clock availability, scalability, performance guarantees, and tight security.
There’s no reason a well-equipped headless CMS shouldn’t provide resources to help your developers get up and running quickly. These may include APIs, as we mentioned, Software Development Kits (SDKs), so they can code in their preferred languages, webhooks to automate processes, and content migration tools for help moving away from a legacy CMS.
Content Management Tools
If you’re interested in headless CMS for its omnichannel publishing capabilities, then you probably have a team of marketers and content editors and managers. Free them from redundant, time-wasting tasks by adopting a headless CMS that includes all the classic, user-friendly content management features from approval workflows to automated publishing, permission management, translation, version control, and more.
Reusable Content Models
A content model outlines the structure, fields, and relationships between its content elements. It is the heart of what makes content in a headless CMS so easy to label, store, search, re-optimize, and publish across various channels. Being able to reuse content is crucial when implementing a multi-site management strategy. Easy-to-use content modeling functionality is a must when it comes to choosing a headless CMS.
Reliable Customer Support
And last but certainly not least, trustworthy customer support. Are you able and welcomed to take a no-holds-barred test drive of the CMS before you commit? Will the people who helped you through onboarding be there to help when something goes wrong? What if it’s a night or a weekend? What if you aren’t paying for their highest tier package? Great, personal customer support is an often overlooked but vital feature when it comes to the tool you’re trusting with your business branding and continuity.
Dive Into a Real-Life Headless CMS
If you’ve done enough reading about headless CMS and want a closer look at one that clients like the Miami HEAT, Walmart, and Chase all trust, download “Contentstack: A Modern Headless Content Management System” and take a look into Contentstack’s benefits and differentiating features.
Here are other CMS articles we think you'll find useful.
The Ultimate Guide to CMS Vol. 3: Use Cases for Headless Content Management Systems
In this ebook series vol. 3 of 3, we will cover seven of the most popular use cases for leveraging a headless CMS.
The Ultimate Guide to CMS Vol. 2: Content Management Systems Pros and Cons
In this ebook series vol. 2 of 3, we will discuss major advantages and disadvantages of a traditional CMS vs. a headless CMS.
Ultimate Guide to CMS Vol. 1: CMS Comparison and Architectures
In this ebook series vol. 1 of 3, we will discuss the following topics: What is a headless CMS? What is a decoupled CMS? The architectural differences between CMSes.